China is a country that you really wouldn’t call communistic today. The current Chinese superpower is far from what the country was in the 1950s and 60s. The country is still highly authoritarian with only one accepted political party and with limitations in for example freedom of speech. Economically speaking the country is acting far from the ideals of Marx, but this is what has given the country its international success. But when it comes large parts of the country’s population the development have been devastating. Wealth in China is increasing hand in hand with pollution.
The country has certainly made an interesting journey during this past century, but whenever change is happening too quickly the man featured on this 100 yuan banknote has always been mentioned as an ideal to strive back to. This is Mao Zedong (1893-1976) who lead the communist party during the civil war that followed the Second World War. The communists were victorious and the country would change down to its foundations. Mao is a well-known figure, both from his portrait at Tiananmen Square in Beijing and pieces of art by Warhol. In China many see him as a symbol for the old and better way that existed before the economical reformations. As with many communist leaders they often get a nostalgic aura surrounding them. Let’s not forget that Mao was responsible for the murders of millions of dissident, the starvation of millions during the Great Leap Forward (1958-1961) and the destruction of cultural treasures during the Culture Revolution (1966-1976).
Now we got three bankotes left…
Now it’s time for some royal drama here on the blog.
This Dutch coin features Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and it was minted on the year of her abdication. She abdicated on her 71st birthday passing on the crown to her daughter Beatrix (the current queen) after 62 years as the country’s monarch. Juliana would live for several more years – dying in 2004 at the age of 92. She was then the longest-lived monarch in the world.
In 1940 the German troops initiated their invasion of the Netherlands during World War Two. This was a vital area that Germany needed to control in order to realize the ambitions of controlling the entire Europe. Parts of the royal family (including Juliana) decided to leave the country and represent it from abroad. They were one month in the U.K. before setting of to Canada. Juliana spoke well of her Canadian hosts while Canadian troops fought the Germans in her homeland. A special bond, lasting to our days, was formed between Dutch people and Canadians. In 1946 Juliana sent a gift of 20,500 tulip bulbs to Canada with a promise to continue sending more each year as long as she lived. The Netherlands is the number one country of tulips.
The name of the Dutch gulden simply comes from the word gold reminding us that the coins were originally made in this precious metal. The gulden was replaced by the euro in 2002.
Switzerland is probably one of the countries that have kept the same coin design the longest. The ½, 1 and 2 franc coins have had the same design since 1875. In 1968 they switched from being in silver to copper-nickel. I like it when coin series is changed once in a while (I’m for instance totally bored with the current Swedish coins), but I can understand why they have kept the current design for all these years. It’s a traditional design with enough of things going on to keep you interested. The text HELVETIA might be cryptic, but it’s just the Latin name of Switzerland. The woman, who looks like a goddess, is Helvetia herself, the personification of the county – similar to Britannica, Marianne or Mother Svea. You can also spot the Swizz cross on her shield. This cross is featured on the country’s flag and it’s also the base of the Red Cross which was founded in Switzerland.
Switzerland is generally considered to be a country of peace. “I’m neutral! I’m Switzerland!” is quite a common saying and rightly so. The Swizz managed to keep their neutrality even though they were completely surrounded by war during WWI and WWII. Switzerland hasn’t been in an armed conflict with another country since 1815 and that’s wonderful.
But there is actually one country that surpasses that. The last time Sweden was at war with another country was in 1814 when the country tried to force Norway into a union (with a successful outcome). Since then Sweden has kept its neutrality, but this can of course be discussed. Many people clam the neutrality during WWII to just be a charade. And in these days Sweden has peace preserving troops in overseas territories (such as in Afghanistan). Can one really claim that Sweden hasn’t been to war since 1814?
Whatever the case might be, Switzerland and Sweden is two countries that has a long history of peace and I think that this is something that has had a huge positive influence on the countries.
Now if only people stopped getting the two countries mixed up…